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Out-of-pocket costs, primary care frequent attendance and sample selection: Estimates from a longitudinal cohort design

Carly Pymont, Paul McNamee and Peter Butterworth

Health Policy, 2018, vol. 122, issue 6, 652-659

Abstract: This paper examines the effect of out-of-pocket costs on subsequent frequent attendance in primary care using data from the Personality and Total Health (PATH) Through Life Project, a representative community cohort study from Canberra, Australia. The analysis sample comprised 1197 respondents with two or more GP consultations, and uses survey data linked to administrative health service use (Medicare) data which provides data on the number of consultations and out-of-pocket costs. Respondents identified in the highest decile of GP use in a year were defined as Frequent Attenders (FAs). Logistic regression models that did not account for potential selection effects showed that out-of-pocket costs incurred during respondents’ prior two consultations were significantly associated with subsequent FA status. Respondents who incurred higher costs ($15–$35; or >$35) were less likely to become FAs than those who incurred no or low (Keywords: Frequent attendance; Out-of-pocket expenses; Primary health care (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2018
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DOI: 10.1016/j.healthpol.2018.03.014

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