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Disease management in diabetes care: When involving GPs improves patient compliance and health outcomes

Cristina Ugolini, Matteo Lippi Bruni (), Anna Caterina Leucci, Gianluca Fiorentini, Elena Berti, Lucia Nobilio and Maria Luisa Moro

Health Policy, 2019, vol. 123, issue 10, 955-962

Abstract: Although the study of the association between interventions in primary care and health outcomes continues to produce mixed findings, programs designed to promote the greater compliance of General Practitioners and their diabetic patients with guidelines have been increasingly introduced worldwide, in an attempt to achieve better quality diabetes care through the enhanced standardisation of patient supervision. In this study, we use clinical data from the Diabetes Register of one large Local Health Authority (LHAs) in Italy’s Emilia-Romagna Region for the period 2012-2015. Firstly, we investigate whether GPs’ participation in the local Diabetes Management Program (DMP) leads to improved patient compliance with regional guidelines. Secondly, we test whether the monitoring activities prescribed for diabetics by the Regional diabetes guidelines have a positive impact on patients’ health outcomes and increase appropriateness in health care utilization. Our results show that such a Program, which aims to increase GPs’ involvement and cooperation in following the Regional guidelines, achieves its goal of improved patient compliance with the prescribed actions. In turn, through the implementation of the DMP and the greater involvement of physicians, Regional policies have succeeded in promoting better health outcomes and improved appropriateness of health care utilization.

Keywords: Diabetes care; Clinical guidelines; Primary care; Diabetes Management Programs (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C21 I10 I18 H51 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2019
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DOI: 10.1016/j.healthpol.2019.08.014

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