EconPapers    
Economics at your fingertips  
 

Health differentials between citizens and immigrants in Europe: A heterogeneous convergence

Marwân-al-Qays Bousmah (), Jean-Baptiste Simon Combes and Mohammad Abu-Zaineh ()

Health Policy, 2019, vol. 123, issue 2, 235-243

Abstract: The literature on immigration and health has provided mixed evidence on the health differentials between immigrants and citizens, while a growing body of evidence alludes to the unhealthy assimilation of immigrants. Relying on five different health measures, the present paper investigates the heterogeneity in health patterns between immigrants and citizens, and also between immigrants depending on their country of origin. We use panel data on more than 100,000 older adults living in nineteen European countries. Our panel data methodology allows for unobserved heterogeneity. We document the existence of a healthy immigrant effect, of an unhealthy convergence, and of a reversal of the health differentials between citizens and immigrants over time. We are able to estimate the time threshold after which immigrants’ health becomes worse than that of citizens. We further document some heterogeneity in the convergence of health differentials between immigrants and citizens in Europe. Namely, the unhealthy convergence is more pronounced in terms of chronic conditions for immigrants from low-HDI countries, and in terms of self-assessed health and body-mass index for immigrants from medium- and high-HDI countries.

Keywords: Healthy immigrant effect; Europe; Health differentials; Health convergence; Immigration; Health economics (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2019
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (1) Track citations by RSS feed

Downloads: (external link)
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0168851018306833
Full text for ScienceDirect subscribers only

Related works:
Working Paper: Health differentials between citizens and immigrants in Europe: A heterogeneous convergence (2019) Downloads
Working Paper: Health differentials between citizens and immigrants in Europe: A heterogeneous convergence (2018)
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:eee:hepoli:v:123:y:2019:i:2:p:235-243

Access Statistics for this article

Health Policy is currently edited by Katrien Kesteloot, Mia Defever and Irina Cleemput

More articles in Health Policy from Elsevier
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Dana Niculescu ().

 
Page updated 2019-09-24
Handle: RePEc:eee:hepoli:v:123:y:2019:i:2:p:235-243