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The role of economic and normative signals in international prosocial crowdfunding: An illustration using market orientation and psychological capital

Vivien E. Jancenelle, Javalgi, Rajshekhar (Raj) G. and Erin Cavusgil

International Business Review, 2018, vol. 27, issue 1, 208-217

Abstract: Entrepreneurs in emerging nations are increasingly seeking microloans on international crowdfunding platforms composed of prosocial lenders primarily seeking non-monetary returns. Drawing on signaling theory, we posit that economic signals (as illustrated by market orientation) and normative signals (as illustrated by psychological capital) embedded within borrower narratives will influence funding time. A Computer-Assisted-Text-Analysis (CATA) of 130,964 profiles across 49 countries suggests that borrower cues of customer orientation, competitor orientation, long-term focus, profitability focus, confidence, and optimism are positively associated funding time, while cues of coordination, hope, and resilience are negatively associated with funding time. Prosocial lenders seem less inclined to lend to borrowers that exhibit a desire for economic success or normative expectations for positive outcomes in the future, while they seem to lend more rapidly to those exhibiting current hardship or a concern for people. A discussion of these findings and their implications for poverty alleviation concludes the study.

Keywords: Microfinance; Entrepreneurship; Prosocial crowdfunding; Prosocial lending; Emerging nations; Market orientation; Psychological capital; Signaling theory (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2018
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