Sources of open innovation in foreign subsidiaries: An enriched typology
Filip De Beule () and
Ilke Van Beveren
International Business Review, 2019, vol. 28, issue 1, 135-147
This paper analyzes the drivers of multinational affiliates’ innovation, using a dataset based on the Community Innovation Survey for Belgium. Specifically, we investigate the role of external knowledge sources on foreign affiliates’ research efforts and innovation. We thereby develop an enriched typology by taking both the MNC and the host country perspective into consideration and distinguish between different types of subsidiaries, in order to disentangle differences in the use of knowledge sources between technology exploiting, seeking and creating subsidiaries. Our findings show that technology-creating foreign affiliates are able to tap into a combination of industry-based value chain partners and science-based partners. In particular, a combination of clients and universities have a powerful impetus on the research effort of technology creating firms. Our results also indicate that technology-seeking subsidiaries make more use of collaboration with competitors. Technology exploiting subsidiaries make significantly less use of external knowledge sources and have a lower R&D intensity.
Keywords: Technology exploiting; Technology exploring; R&D intensity; Multinational subsidiaries; Open innovation; Knowledge sources (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: F23 L23 O31 O33 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: Track citations by RSS feed
Downloads: (external link)
Full text for ScienceDirect subscribers only
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.
Export reference: BibTeX
RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan)
Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:eee:iburev:v:28:y:2019:i:1:p:135-147
Ordering information: This journal article can be ordered from
http://www.elsevier. ... me/133/bibliographic
Access Statistics for this article
International Business Review is currently edited by P. Ghauri
More articles in International Business Review from Elsevier
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Dana Niculescu ().