The complementarity effect of exporting, importing and R&D on the productivity of Ukrainian MNEs
Lucia Piscitello and
International Business Review, 2023, vol. 32, issue 3
After two decades of research on Emerging Market Multinational Enterprises (EMNE), the debate still concerns the antecedents and strategies of their foreign expansion. However, much less has been said on the effects of international participation on their productivity. Building on insights from the Resource-Based View of the firm and agency theory, we develop hypotheses on the presence of complementarities among export, import and R&D and their impact on productivity. Our empirical analyses on a panel of 23,000 time-year observations of Ukrainian MNEs over the period 2000–2006, confirm that: (i) EMNEs benefit from complementarities stemming from the assimilation and integration of knowledge from international external sources (import and export) with internal knowledge (own R&D investment); (ii) the effect is more pronounced for private-owned enterprises (POEs) rather than state-owned enterprises (SOEs), and (iii) especially when they trade with partners in/from advanced markets.
Keywords: Complementarities; Absorptive capacity,exporting, importing,R&D,productivity,emerging markets; Ukraine; State-owned enterprises; Resource Based View; Agency theory (search for similar items in EconPapers)
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: Track citations by RSS feed
Downloads: (external link)
Full text for ScienceDirect subscribers only
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.
Export reference: BibTeX
RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan)
Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:eee:iburev:v:32:y:2023:i:3:s096959312200083x
Ordering information: This journal article can be ordered from
http://www.elsevier. ... me/133/bibliographic
Access Statistics for this article
International Business Review is currently edited by P. Ghauri
More articles in International Business Review from Elsevier
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Catherine Liu ().