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Redistributive fiscal policies and business cycles in emerging economies

Amanda Michaud and Jacek Rothert ()

Journal of International Economics, 2018, vol. 112, issue C, 123-133

Abstract: Government expenditures are pro-cyclical in emerging markets and counter-cyclical in developed economies. We show this pattern is most pronounced in social transfers which are also a large component of total government expenditures (28–39%). The discrepancy in the cyclicality of spending on goods and services is smaller, by contrast, and the category accounts for just 11–16% of total government expenditures. In a small open economy model, we find disparate social transfer policies can account for about half of the larger cyclical volatility of consumption relative to output in emerging economies compared to developed. We analyze how differences in tax policy and the nature of underlying inequality amplify or mitigate this result.

Keywords: Fiscal policy; Emerging markets; Business cycles; Redistributive effects (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2018
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Working Paper: Redistributive Fiscal Policies and Business Cycles in Emerging Economies (2017) Downloads
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