Rules of origin and the profitability of trade deflection
Gabriel Felbermayr (),
Feodora Teti and
Journal of International Economics, 2019, vol. 121, issue C
When a country grants preferential tariffs to another, either reciprocally in a free trade agreement (FTA) or unilaterally, rules of origin (RoOs) are defined to determine whether a product is eligible for preferential treatment. RoOs exist to avoid that exports from third countries enter through the member with the lowest tariff (trade deflection). However, RoOs distort exporters' sourcing decisions and burden them with red tape. Using a global data set, we show that, for 86% of all bilateral product-level comparisons within FTAs, trade deflection is not profitable because external tariffs are rather similar and transportation costs are non-negligible; in the case of unilateral trade preferences extended by rich countries to poor ones that ratio is a striking 98%. The pervasive and unconditional use of RoOs is, therefore, hard to rationalize.
Keywords: Trade deflection; Rules of origin; External tariffs; Free trade agreements (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: F10 F13 F15 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (6) Track citations by RSS feed
Downloads: (external link)
Full text for ScienceDirect subscribers only
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.
Export reference: BibTeX
RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan)
Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:eee:inecon:v:121:y:2019:i:c:s0022199619300662
Access Statistics for this article
Journal of International Economics is currently edited by Gourinchas, Pierre-Olivier and RodrÃguez-Clare, AndrÃ©s
More articles in Journal of International Economics from Elsevier
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Haili He ().