Exporting Christianity: Governance and doctrine in the globalization of US denominations
Gordon Hanson () and
Chong Xiang ()
Journal of International Economics, 2013, vol. 91, issue 2, 301-320
In this paper we build a model of market competition among religious denominations, using a framework that involves incomplete contracts and the production of club goods. We treat denominations akin to multinational enterprises, which decide which countries to enter based on local market conditions and their own “productivity.” The model guides us in estimating how a denomination's religious doctrine and governance structure affect its ability to attract adherents. Using data on the foreign operations of US Protestant denominations in 2005 from the World Christian Database, we find that (1) denominations with stricter religious doctrine attract more adherents in countries in which the risk of natural disaster or disease outbreak is greater and in which government provision of health services is weaker, and (2) denominations with a decentralized governance structure attract more adherents in countries in which the pastor cost of connecting with congregants is lower. These findings illuminate factors shaping the composition of religion within countries, helping account for the rise of new Protestant groups. They also provide empirical evidence for the recent theoretical developments in organization and trade.
Keywords: Globalization; Religious denominations; Governance structure; Religious doctrine; World Christian Database (search for similar items in EconPapers)
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (7) Track citations by RSS feed
Downloads: (external link)
Full text for ScienceDirect subscribers only
Working Paper: Exporting Christianity: Governance and Doctrine in the Globalization of US Denominations (2011)
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.
Export reference: BibTeX
RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan)
Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:eee:inecon:v:91:y:2013:i:2:p:301-320
Access Statistics for this article
Journal of International Economics is currently edited by Gourinchas, Pierre-Olivier and RodrÃguez-Clare, AndrÃ©s
More articles in Journal of International Economics from Elsevier
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Catherine Liu ().