NAFTA and the convergence of CO2 emissions intensity and its determinants
Nicholas Apergis () and
James Payne ()
International Economics, 2020, vol. 161, issue C, 1-9
This empirical study examines the extent to which the introduction of NAFTA influenced the convergence behavior of CO2 emissions intensity and its determinants (energy intensity and carbonization index) associated with the countries of Canada, Mexico, and the U.S. Our results from tests of stochastic convergence, σ-convergence, and club convergence reveal convergence in both the pre- and post-NAFTA periods. This finding suggests the convergence behavior of CO2 emissions intensity and its determinants has not substantially changed with the introduction of NAFTA.
Keywords: CO2 emissions intensity; Energy intensity; Carbonization index; Stochastic convergence; σ-convergence; Club convergence (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: F18 Q56 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (1) Track citations by RSS feed
Downloads: (external link)
Full text for ScienceDirect subscribers only
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.
Export reference: BibTeX
RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan)
Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:eee:inteco:v:161:y:2020:i:c:p:1-9
Access Statistics for this article
International Economics is currently edited by Valerie Mignon and Marcelo Olarreaga
More articles in International Economics from Elsevier
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Haili He ().