EconPapers    
Economics at your fingertips  
 

The drivers of economic complexity: International evidence from financial development and patents

Canh Phuc Nguyen, Christophe Schinckus and Thanh Su

International Economics, 2020, vol. 164, issue C, 140-150

Abstract: This study investigates the impacts of patents and financial development on economic complexity in a sample of 52 economies (including 32 high-income economies (HIEs) and 20 middle-income economies (MIEs)). Specifically, nine indices of financial development and three variables related to patents are mobilized to identify the major determinants of the economic complexity index captured through two indicators ECI and ECI+. Several econometric techniques are applied for our panel data estimations. Our study firstly documents the existence of a bi-directional causality but also a long-run co-integration between patents, financial development and ECI/ECI+. Our estimations show that the patents have a significant positive impact on the economic complexity of a country but for the financial development, the results are more diversified. Beyond these dissimilarities, our study emphasize some common conclusions: Patents (especially resident patents) directly contribute to the complexity of a country; a too large financial sector does not contribute to the diversification and sophistication of a national economy but the efficiency of financial markets appear to have a positive influence of such processes probably because financial markets offers alternative way of funding patents and knowledge.

Keywords: Economic complexity; Innovation; Sophistication; Financial institutions; Financial markets (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: D24 E23 G21 G23 O31 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2020
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (7) Track citations by RSS feed

Downloads: (external link)
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2110701720302687
Full text for ScienceDirect subscribers only

Related works:
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:eee:inteco:v:164:y:2020:i:c:p:140-150

DOI: 10.1016/j.inteco.2020.09.004

Access Statistics for this article

International Economics is currently edited by Valerie Mignon and Marcelo Olarreaga

More articles in International Economics from Elsevier
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Catherine Liu ().

 
Page updated 2022-01-24
Handle: RePEc:eee:inteco:v:164:y:2020:i:c:p:140-150