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Dependence in credit default swap and equity markets: Dynamic copula with Markov-switching

Fei Fei, Ana-Maria Fuertes () and Elena Kalotychou

International Journal of Forecasting, 2017, vol. 33, issue 3, 662-678

Abstract: Theoretical credit risk models à la Merton (1974) predict a non-linear negative link between the default likelihood and asset value of a firm. This motivates us to propose a flexible empirical Markov-switching bivariate copula that allows for distinct time-varying dependence between credit default swap (CDS) spreads and equity prices in “crisis” and “tranquil” periods. The model identifies high-dependence regimes that coincide with the recent credit crunch and the European sovereign debt crises, and is supported by in-sample goodness-of-fit criteria relative to nested copula models that impose within-regime constant dependence or no regime-switching. Value-at-Risk forecasts that aim to set day-ahead trading limits for the hedging of CDS-equity portfolios reveal the economic relevance of the model from the viewpoints of both regulatory and asymmetric piecewise linear loss functions.

Keywords: Credit spread; Copula; Dependence; Regime switching; Tail dependence; Value-at-Risk (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2017
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Handle: RePEc:eee:intfor:v:33:y:2017:i:3:p:662-678