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Internationalization of R&D and Innovation Performance in the Pharma Industry

Daniel Sommer and Krishna Raj Bhandari

Journal of International Management, 2022, vol. 28, issue 3

Abstract: This research investigates the effect of R&D internationalization and contingency variables on innovation performance. A number of prior studies addressing this question have concluded in diverse and inconsistent findings, which can be attributed only partly to sample selection and measurement discrepancies. Using a longitudinal dataset of global pharmaceutical firms, we partly solve this ambiguity in the R&D internationalization and innovation performance relationship. The results reveal an S-shaped relationship, suggesting the benefits of R&D internationalization ultimately overcome the costs after critical levels of R&D internationalization. This finding combines and unites prior findings of a U-shaped, followed by an inverse U-shaped curve. In addition, we find that the experience in conducting R&D internationally, but not the degree of general internationalization, moderates the relationship between degree of R&D internationalization and performance. This suggests that the effect is contingent on the knowledge of internationalization path of the firm but can flourish in the absence of overall internationalization as well. Implications for theory and practice are derived.

Keywords: Degree of R&D internationalization; DORI; Innovation performance; S-curve hypothesis; Patents; MNC (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2022
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DOI: 10.1016/j.intman.2022.100927

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