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Trial by skype: A causality-oriented replication exploring the use of remote video adjudication in immigration removal proceedings1

Dane Thorley and Joshua Mitts

International Review of Law and Economics, 2019, vol. 59, issue C, 82-97

Abstract: In this article we present a replication of Ingrid Eagly’s 2015 empirical study on the use of remote video adjudication in immigration removal hearings. Eagly’s original study found that respondents who appear before judges via video feed fare significantly worse than those who appear in person. Our replication takes a three-tiered approach. First, we conduct a base-level reproduction of Eagly’s original empirical study using a reconstruction of her dataset and the same methodological approaches featured in her analysis. Second, we replicate Eagly’s data-cleaning and empirical analysis on a newer and larger removal dataset. Lastly, we conduct an expanded replication of her study using data-cleaning and methodological approaches that more fully consider the assumptions required to make identifiable causal claims in this procedural arena. Although our replications produce results that vary in magnitude with Eagly’s original results, the overall findings support her conclusion that the use of remote video adjudication disadvantages respondents at both the procedural and final stages of their removal hearings.

Keywords: Replication; Immigration; Remote adjudication; Video adjudication; Courts; Causal identification (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2019
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DOI: 10.1016/j.irle.2019.05.002

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