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A non-elliptical orthogonal GARCH model for portfolio selection under transaction costs

Marc S. Paolella, Paweł Polak and Patrick S. Walker

Journal of Banking & Finance, 2021, vol. 125, issue C

Abstract: Covariance matrix forecasts for portfolio optimization have to balance sensitivity to new data points with stability in order to avoid excessive rebalancing. To achieve this, a new orthogonal GARCH model for a multivariate set of non-Gaussian asset returns is proposed. The conditional return distribution is multivariate generalized hyperbolic and the dispersion matrix dynamics are driven by the leading factors in a principal component decomposition. Each of these leading factors is endowed with a univariate GARCH structure, while the remaining eigenvalues are kept constant over time. Joint maximum likelihood estimation of all model parameters is performed via an expectation maximization algorithm, and is applicable in high dimensions. The new model generates realistic correlation forecasts even for large asset universes and captures rising pairwise correlations in periods of market distress better than numerous competing models. When applied to portfolio optimization, it generates strategies with lower turnover and maximum drawdown, and superior risk-adjusted returns net of transaction costs. Moreover, unlike its competitors, it performs well in the sudden market downturn triggered by the global COVID-19 pandemic.

Keywords: COVID-19; Dynamic conditional correlations; Multivariate GARCH; Generalized hyperbolic distribution; Principal component analysis; Portfolio optimization (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C32 C53 G11 G17 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2021
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:eee:jbfina:v:125:y:2021:i:c:s0378426621000042

DOI: 10.1016/j.jbankfin.2021.106046

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