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Stakeholder conflicts and dividend policy

Øyvind Bøhren, Morten G. Josefsen and Pål E. Steen

Journal of Banking & Finance, 2012, vol. 36, issue 10, 2852-2864

Abstract: This paper compares the dividend policy of owner-controlled firms with that of firms where the owners are a minority relative to non-owner employees, customers, and community citizens. We find that regardless of whether owners or non-owners control the firm, the strong stakeholder uses the dividend payout decision to mitigate rather than to intensify the conflict of interest with the weak stakeholder. Hence, the higher the potential agency cost as reflected in the firm’s stakeholder structure, the more the actual agency cost is reduced by the strong stakeholder’s dividend payout decision. These findings are consistent with a dividend policy in which opportunistic power abuse in stakeholder conflicts is discouraged by costly consequences for the abuser at a later stage. Indirect evidence supports this interpretation.

Keywords: Organizational form; Corporate governance; Stakeholders; Dividends; Banks (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: G34 G35 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2012
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