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The impacts of standard monetary and budgetary policies on liquidity and financial markets: International evidence from the credit freeze crisis

Marie-Hélène Gagnon and Céline Gimet

Journal of Banking & Finance, 2013, vol. 37, issue 11, 4599-4614

Abstract: This paper evaluates the domestic and international impacts of lowering short-term interest rates and increasing budget spending on several indicators of liquidity, volatility, credit and economic activity. Data from the 2003–2011 period in the United States, the Euro zone and Canada were used to develop two SVAR models for assessing the national effectiveness and the international spillovers of monetary and budgetary policies during the credit freeze crisis. While monetary policies caused a temporary decrease in volatility and increase in liquidity in North American stock markets, the shocks were mainly domestic and ineffective at generating liquidity in the banking sector. In contrast, government spending shocks had a positive impact on credit and consumption, especially in Europe and Canada. Moreover, budgetary policies also had a positive international spillover effect on consumption and credit, especially for smaller economies such as Canada.

Keywords: Bayesian estimation; Credit freeze crisis; Budgetary policy; International transmission; Monetary policy; SVAR (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: F42 G15 G18 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2013
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