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Cross-country effects of regulatory capital arbitrage

Stanimira Milcheva ()

Journal of Banking & Finance, 2013, vol. 37, issue 12, 5329-5345

Abstract: One reason for the recent asset price bubbles in many developed countries could be regulatory capital arbitrage. Regulatory and legal changes can help traditional banks to move their assets off their balance sheets into the lightly regulated shadows and thus enable regulatory arbitrage through the securitized sector. This paper adopts a global vector autoregression (GVAR) methodology to assess the effects of regulatory capital arbitrage on equity prices, house prices and economic activity across 11 OECD countries/regions. A counterfactual experiment disentangles the effects of regulatory arbitrage following a change in the net capital rule for investment banks in April 2004 and the adoption of the Basel II Accord in June 2004. The results provide evidence for the existence of an international finance multiplier, with about half of the countries overshooting U.S. impulse responses. The counterfactual shows that regulatory arbitrage via the U.S. securitized sector may enhance the cross-country reallocation of capital from housing markets towards equity markets.

Keywords: Global VAR; Counterfactual; Regulatory arbitrage; Capital requirements; Broker-dealer assets; Basel Accord; SEC net capital rule (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C15 E17 G18 G24 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2013
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:eee:jbfina:v:37:y:2013:i:12:p:5329-5345

DOI: 10.1016/j.jbankfin.2013.05.011

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