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Strategic loan modification: An options-based response to strategic default

Sanjiv Das () and Ray Meadows

Journal of Banking & Finance, 2013, vol. 37, issue 2, 636-647

Abstract: This paper presents a parsimonious barrier model for the optimal principal reset in a loan modification, thereby maximizing the loan value to the lender bank and minimizing the likelihood of strategic foreclosure by the homeowner. Writing down the loan-to-value (LTV) ratio will reduce the present value of future payments on the loan, but will also reduce the probability of default, thereby saving foreclosure losses. The optimal trade-off of these two countervailing effects will pinpoint the optimal LTV at which the loan must be reset. We present a simple barrier option decomposition of the loan value that makes the optimization of LTV easy to implement. An extension of the model is shown to account for varying growth rate assumptions about house prices. The model in this paper specifically accounts for the homeowner’s willingness to pay, and uses the framework to model shared-appreciation mortgages (SAMs).

Keywords: Strategic default; Foreclosure; Loan modification; Barrier options (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: D11 R31 L85 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2013
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