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Efficient ex-ante stabilization of firms

David M. Frankel

Journal of Economic Theory, 2017, vol. 170, issue C, 112-144

Abstract: Distressed firms are vulnerable to inefficient panic-based runs of their workers, suppliers, and customers. A policymaker may try to prevent such a run by pledging to protect the interests of these stakeholders should a firm cease to do business. However, this promise also enables the firm to demand better terms of trade from its stakeholders, which blunts the policy's effectiveness. We show how to avoid such an adverse response by the use of partial, countercyclical insurance. Under certain conditions, such a scheme costlessly implements the first-best outcome in the limit as the stakeholders' information becomes precise. We also identify least-cost efficient schemes in the cases of large noise, learning, and duopoly.

Keywords: Financial distress; Bankruptcy; Insurance; Global games; Learning; Duopoly (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C72 D42 D62 G38 H21 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2017
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Handle: RePEc:eee:jetheo:v:170:y:2017:i:c:p:112-144