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On the road to recovery: Gasoline content regulations and child health

Michelle Marcus

Journal of Health Economics, 2017, vol. 54, issue C, 98-123

Abstract: Gasoline content regulations are designed to curb pollution and improve health, but their impact on health has not been quantified. By exploiting both the timing of regulation and spatial variation in children's exposure to highways, I estimate the effect of gasoline content regulation on pollution and child health. The introduction of cleaner-burning gasoline in California in 1996 reduced asthma admissions by 8% in high exposure areas. Reductions are greatest for areas downwind from highways and heavy traffic areas. Stringent gasoline content regulations can improve child health, and may diminish existing health disparities.

Keywords: Asthma; Gasoline content regulation; Air pollution; Traffic; Vehicle emissions (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I14 I18 L71 Q53 Q58 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2017
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Journal of Health Economics is currently edited by J. P. Newhouse, A. J. Culyer, R. Frank, K. Claxton and T. McGuire

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