Heterogeneity in the impact of type of schooling on adult health and lifestyle
Andrew Jones () and
Pedro Rosa Dias
Journal of Health Economics, 2018, vol. 57, issue C, 1-14
Using data from a major educational reform in England and Wales, we examine heterogeneity in the long-term impacts of the exposure to different secondary schooling systems, characterized by selective early-tracking system versus non-selective comprehensive schooling, on health outcomes and smoking. We adopt a local instrumental variables approach to estimate person-centered treatment (PeT) effects, thereby recovering the full distribution of individual-level causal effects. We find that the transition from a selective early-tracking system to a non-selective one produced, on a fraction of individuals, significantly increased depression and cigarette smoking. These effects were persistent over time. Cognitive abilities did not moderate the effects, but students with lower non-cognitive skills were most likely to be negatively affected by this exposure.
Keywords: Educational reform; Health; Lifestyle; Heterogeneity; Instrumental variable (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:eee:jhecon:v:57:y:2018:i:c:p:1-14
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