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Employment, job skills and occupational mobility of cancer survivors

Eskil Heinesen (), Susumu Imai and Shiko Maruyama ()

Journal of Health Economics, 2018, vol. 58, issue C, 151-175

Abstract: Previous studies find significant negative effects of cancer on employment, with stronger effects for less-educated workers. We investigate whether the effect of cancer varies by skill requirement in the pre-cancer occupation, whether such heterogeneity can explain educational gradients, and whether cancer is associated with changes in job characteristics for cancer survivors who remain employed four years after the diagnosis. We combine Danish administrative registers with detailed skill requirement data and use individuals without cancer as a control group. Our main findings are the following: the negative effect of cancer on employment is stronger if the pre-cancer occupation requires high levels of manual skills or low levels of cognitive skills; the educational gradient diminishes substantially if we allow the effects of cancer to also depend on pre-cancer skill requirements; and cancer is not associated with occupational mobility, indicating potential for policies that reduce labour market frictions for cancer survivors.

Keywords: Health shock; Return to work; Human capital; Earnings; Disability pension (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I1 I14 J21 J24 J62 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2018
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DOI: 10.1016/j.jhealeco.2018.01.006

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