Can a conditional cash transfer reduce teen fertility? The case of Brazil’s Bolsa Familia
Rachel Gardner Clark and
Sarah Anne Reynolds
Journal of Health Economics, 2019, vol. 63, issue C, 128-144
In 2008, Brazil's conditional cash transfer program expanded to cover a wider range of ages. Poor families are now given stipends for their children's school attendance up to age seventeen, whereas prior the maximum age was fifteen. Using a nationally representative household survey, we estimate the impact of this policy on teen fertility with a triple difference analysis on the fertility outcomes of treated cohorts vs. non-treated cohorts based on income eligibility, age eligibility, and timing of program implementation. We find a three percentage point drop in fertility among eligible teens within five years of program implementation. This offsets the difference in fertility between poor and non-poor teens. The impact is concentrated in urban areas, with no program effects found in rural areas. We are able to replicate these findings using National Birth Registry Data.
Keywords: Conditional cash transfer; Bolsa Familia; Brazil; Teen pregnancy; Poverty (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:eee:jhecon:v:63:y:2019:i:c:p:128-144
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