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The average and distributional effects of teenage adversity on long-term health

Jie Gong, Yi Lu () and Huihua Xie

Journal of Health Economics, 2020, vol. 71, issue C

Abstract: A central question in human development is what causes health inequalities over the life cycle. This paper links adversity in the teen years to individuals’ long-term health outcomes. We examine a mandatory rustication program, the “send-down” policy during China's Cultural Revolution, and employ a regression discontinuity design to estimate the impact on individuals’ physical and mental health outcomes 40 years later. Our results suggest that rusticated youths were more likely to develop mental disorders but not to have worse physical outcomes. Further assessing distributional effects through marginal treatment effect (MTE), we find strong heterogeneous treatment effects and selection on gains.

Keywords: Teenage adversity; Health; Marginal treatment effects (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: D63 I15 J13 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2020
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DOI: 10.1016/j.jhealeco.2020.102288

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Journal of Health Economics is currently edited by J. P. Newhouse, A. J. Culyer, R. Frank, K. Claxton and T. McGuire

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