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Health Impacts of the Green Revolution: Evidence from 600,000 births across the Developing World

Jan von der Goltz, Aaditya Dar (), Ram Fishman, Nathaniel D. Mueller, Prabhat Barnwal () and Gordon McCord

Journal of Health Economics, 2020, vol. 74, issue C

Abstract: What is the contribution of the ‘Green Revolution’ to improvements in child health during the 20th century? We provide global scale estimates of this relationship by constructing a novel, spatially-precise indicator of modern crop variety (MV) diffusion and leveraging child-level data from over 600,000 children across 21,604 sampling locations in 37 developing countries between 1961–2000. Results indicate that the diffusion of MVs reduced infant mortality by 2.4–5.3 percentage points (from a baseline of 18%), with stronger effects for male infants and among poor households. The sizable contribution of agricultural technology to improved welfare should inform global food and development policy.

Keywords: Agricultural technology; Modern seed varieties; Green Revolution; Infant mortality (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2020
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DOI: 10.1016/j.jhealeco.2020.102373

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Journal of Health Economics is currently edited by J. P. Newhouse, A. J. Culyer, R. Frank, K. Claxton and T. McGuire

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