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Are housing characteristics experienced by children associated with their outcomes as young adults?

David Blau (), Nancy L. Haskell and Donald Haurin ()

Journal of Housing Economics, 2019, vol. 46, issue C

Abstract: We study the association between childhood housing characteristics and homeownership and a set of behavioral outcomes of young adults. The primary data set is the National Longitudinal Study of Youth-1979 cohort (NLSY79) and the Child and Young Adult surveys of the children of the female NLSY79 respondents, augmented with a record of the characteristics of dwellings occupied by respondents and their children throughout childhood. We find that living in an owner-occupied home during childhood is positively associated with young adults’ educational attainment, and is negatively associated with teen pregnancy, criminal convictions, and the likelihood of being on welfare. In contrast, a measure of residential crowding during childhood has an independent relationship only with youths’ criminal convictions. We explore several mechanisms that could explain these long run patterns, including unobserved parental heterogeneity and childhood cognition.

Keywords: Homeownership; Young adult outcomes; Crowding; R2; J13; D13 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2019
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:eee:jhouse:v:46:y:2019:i:c:s1051137717301304

DOI: 10.1016/j.jhe.2019.04.003

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