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Current account drivers and exchange rate regimes in Central and Eastern Europe

Kersti Harkmann and Karsten Staehr ()

Journal of International Money and Finance, 2021, vol. 110, issue C

Abstract: The paper seeks to determine the factors that drive the current account dynamics of the 11 EU members from Central and Eastern Europe (CEE). Panel data models are estimated on annual data for the period 1997–2017 and both domestic pull factors and external push factors are included. The models are, as a key innovation, estimated separately for floating and fixed exchange rate regimes. The current account exhibits substantial persistence in both cases. For the floaters, the current account is driven by domestic factors while external factors appear unimportant. For the fixers, the current account is mainly driven by external factors, suggesting there is substantial vulnerability to external developments. The analysis underscores the importance of the exchange rate regime for the drivers of the current account balance in the CEE countries.

Keywords: Current account balance; Exchange rate regime; Economic policies; Central and Eastern Europe (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: F32 F33 P33 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2021
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:eee:jimfin:v:110:y:2021:i:c:s0261560620302424

DOI: 10.1016/j.jimonfin.2020.102286

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