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Credit cycle coherence in the eurozone: Was there a euro effect?

Anna Samarina (), Lu Zhang and Dirk Bezemer

Journal of International Money and Finance, 2017, vol. 77, issue C, 77-98

Abstract: This paper examines effects of the euro introduction on credit cycle coherence in the eurozone through six channels. We construct and describe credit cycles for total bank credit, household mortgages and non-financial business loans for 16 EMU economies over 1990–2015. Credit cycle coherence is measured by synchronicity of cycle movements and similarity of their amplitudes. We find that the effect of euro introduction runs through elimination of currency risk and higher capital flows, which decrease coherence of total credit and mortgage credit cycles, but increase coherence of business credit cycles. Falling interest rates contribute to the convergence of total and mortgage credit cycles. Financial deregulation and legal harmonization are associated with lower coherence of all credit cycles, while trade openness has the opposite impact. The findings impinge on monetary policy effectiveness in the eurozone, with implications for macroprudential policy.

Keywords: Credit cycles; Synchronicity; Similarity; EMU (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: E32 E44 F36 G21 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2017
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