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The impact of oil-market shocks on stock returns in major oil-exporting countries

Syed Basher (), Alfred Haug () and Perry Sadorsky

Journal of International Money and Finance, 2018, vol. 86, issue C, 264-280

Abstract: The impact that oil-market shocks have on stock prices in oil exporting countries has implications for both domestic and international investors. We derive the shocks driving oil prices from an oil market model that explicitly identifies speculative trading in the crude oil market. We study the nonlinear relationship of oil price shocks with stock market returns in major oil-exporting countries in a multi-factor Markov-switching framework. Flow oil-demand shocks have a statistically significant impact on stock returns in Canada, Norway, Russia, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, and the UAE. Idiosyncratic oil-market shocks affect stock returns in Norway, Russia, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia and UAE. Speculative (oil-inventory) shocks impact stock returns in Canada, Russia, Kuwait and the UAE. Flow oil-supply shocks matter for the UK, Kuwait, and UAE. Mexico is the only country where stock returns are unaffected by oil-market shocks. A portfolio that uses the Markov-switching probabilities to switch between equities in the low volatility state and T-bills in the high volatility state outperforms a buy and hold strategy for some countries.

Keywords: Markov-switching; Oil-exporting countries; Oil-market shocks; Stock returns (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: E44 G15 Q43 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2018
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