EconPapers    
Economics at your fingertips  
 

Does an R&D tax credit affect R&D expenditure? The Japanese R&D tax credit reform in 2003

Hiroyuki Kasahara (), Katsumi Shimotsu and Michio Suzuki ()

Journal of the Japanese and International Economies, 2014, vol. 31, issue C, 72-97

Abstract: To what extent does a tax credit affect firms’ R&D activity? What are the mechanisms? This paper examines the effect of R&D tax credits on firms’ R&D expenditure by exploiting the variation across firms in the changes in the eligible tax credit rate between 2000 and 2003. Estimating the first-difference equation of the linear R&D model by panel GMM, we find the estimated coefficient of an interaction term between the eligible tax credit rate and the debt-to-asset ratio is positive and significant, indicating that the effect of tax credit is significantly larger for firms with relatively large outstanding debts. Conducting counterfactual experiments, we found that the aggregate R&D expenditure in 2003 would have been lower by 3.0–3.4 percent if there had been no tax credit reform in 2003, where 0.3–0.6 percent is attributable to the effect of financial constraint, and that the aggregate R&D expenditure would have been larger by 3.1–3.9 percent if there had been no cap on the amount of tax credits, where 0.3–0.8 percent is attributable to relaxing the financial constraint of firms with outstanding debts.

Keywords: R&D; Tax credit; Financial constraint; Japan (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: D22 H25 H32 K34 O31 O38 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2014
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (1) Track citations by RSS feed

Downloads: (external link)
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0889158313000506
Full text for ScienceDirect subscribers only

Related works:
Working Paper: Does an R&D Tax Credit Affect R&D Expenditure? The Japanese R&D Tax Credit Reform in 2003 (2013) Downloads
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:eee:jjieco:v:31:y:2014:i:c:p:72-97

Access Statistics for this article

Journal of the Japanese and International Economies is currently edited by Takeo Hoshi

More articles in Journal of the Japanese and International Economies from Elsevier
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Dana Niculescu ().

 
Page updated 2019-08-26
Handle: RePEc:eee:jjieco:v:31:y:2014:i:c:p:72-97