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Foreign direct investment with host country market structures, with empirical application to Japan

Masao Nakamura () and Anming Zhang

Journal of the Japanese and International Economies, 2018, vol. 49, issue C, 43-53

Abstract: In this paper, we consider models that describe foreign firms’ and host countries’ decisions on foreign direct investment (FDI) when host country product markets are characterized by certain types of market structures. We show that, under certain conditions, the host country and foreign parent firm (FP) are both better off in equilibrium if FP chooses to form a joint venture (JV) with a domestic partner in the host country, with some form of technology transfer, rather than have FP's exclusive reliance on exporting to the host country. These results provide justification, for example, to China's and some other host countries’ FDI policies in recent years. Our results also justify host countries with small open economies to resort to the introduction of new foreign competitors when they face their domestic markets suffering from monopolists’ abuse of market power. Canada, for example, is known to use inward FDI with limited foreign ownership as government policy tools for dealing with abusive domestic monopolists. Our welfare implications may be useful for evaluating such FDI-driven competition and other public policy issues. We also present an empirical example using data from Japan to test some of our empirical implications.

Keywords: Joint venture; Foreign direct investment; Japan; Bargaining power; Technology spillover; Market structure (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: F23 C7 L2 F68 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2018
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