Females, the elderly, and also males: Demographic aging and macroeconomy in Japan
Sagiri Kitao () and
Journal of the Japanese and International Economies, 2020, vol. 56, issue C
The speed and magnitude of ongoing demographic aging in Japan are unprecedented. A rapid decline in the labor force and a rising fiscal burden to finance social security expenditures could hamper growth over a prolonged period. We build a dynamic general equilibrium model populated by overlapping generations of males and females who differ in participation rate, employment type and labor productivity as well as life expectancy. We study how changes in the labor market over the coming decades will affect the transition path of the economy and fiscal situation of Japan. We find that a rise in the labor supply of females and the elderly of both genders in an extensive margin and in labor productivity can significantly mitigate effects of demographic aging on the macroeconomy and reduce fiscal pressures, despite their negative effects on equilibrium wages during the transition. The study suggests that a combination of policies that remove obstacles hindering labor supply and that enhance a more efficient allocation of male and female workers of all age groups will be critical to keeping government deficit under control and raising income across the nation.
Keywords: Japanese economy; Demographic trends; Female and elderly labor force participation; Overlapping generation model (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: E62 J11 J21 H55 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (1) Track citations by RSS feed
Downloads: (external link)
Full text for ScienceDirect subscribers only
Working Paper: Females, the elderly, and also males: Demographic aging and macroeconomy in Japan (2019)
Working Paper: Females, the Elderly, and Also Males: Demographic Aging and Macroeconomy in Japan (2019)
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.
Export reference: BibTeX
RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan)
Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:eee:jjieco:v:56:y:2020:i:c:s0889158320300022
Access Statistics for this article
Journal of the Japanese and International Economies is currently edited by Takeo Hoshi
More articles in Journal of the Japanese and International Economies from Elsevier
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Haili He ().