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Fiscal policy reforms in general equilibrium: The case of Greece

Dimitris Papageorgiou ()

Journal of Macroeconomics, 2012, vol. 34, issue 2, 504-522

Abstract: This paper quantifies the macroeconomic and welfare implications of (i) changes in the tax-spending mix and (ii) debt consolidation policies. The setup is a neoclassical growth model augmented with a relatively rich public sector. The model is calibrated to the Greek economy. The results suggest that, if the goal of fiscal policy is to stimulate the economy and increase welfare by changing the tax mix, then it should decrease the tax rate on labour income and increase the consumption tax rate. While higher public investment spending is good for the economy, it is lower public consumption spending that is found to be expansionary. The results also suggest that both tax- and expenditure-based debt consolidation policies lead to worse economic activity in the short run, but they have strong beneficial effects in the medium and long run when the consolidation period finishes.

Keywords: Fiscal policy; Debt consolidation; Welfare; General equilibrium (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: E62 H63 O52 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2012
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