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Land and housing: The twin forces of non-balanced growth

Anuradha Saha

Journal of Macroeconomics, 2023, vol. 76, issue C

Abstract: In a three-sector closed economy where housing land is accumulated for the construction of houses, we depict significant effects of housing and land market on sectoral growth. We assume agriculture is the most intensive in the use of land, followed by manufacturing and then services. In the long run, land intensity differences in conjunction with labor growth contribute to sectoral growth gaps. In the short run, due to housing land accumulation, the economy transitions along a non-monotonic convergent path to the steady state. Using the US data, we quantify that land accounts for about one-tenth of long-run and short-run sectoral output growth gaps. We also incorporate sector-specific land-use restrictions to show that, despite these regulations, land and housing have qualitative effects on non-balanced growth.

Keywords: Housing; Non-balanced growth; Land use; Services; Manufacturing; Agriculture (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: D20 L60 L80 O18 O41 Q15 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2023
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DOI: 10.1016/j.jmacro.2023.103504

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