The effect of particularism on corruption: Theory and empirical evidence
Valentina Rotondi () and
Luca Stanca ()
Journal of Economic Psychology, 2015, vol. 51, issue C, 219-235
This paper investigates the role played by the cultural norm of particularism, as opposed to universalism, for collusive bribery. In our theoretical framework, the act of proposing or demanding a bribe violates a commonly held social norm, thus producing a psychological cost. By lowering this psychological cost, particularism increases the probability of offering or asking for a bribe. We test the predictions of the model by using individual-level data for 25 countries from the European Social Survey. Consistent with the theory, particularism is found to have a positive causal effect on the probability of offering a bribe. Overall, our findings indicate that policies aimed at favoring universalism may provide an effective tool to reduce corruption.
Keywords: Corruption; Bribery; Particularism; Universalism (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: D73 O17 C71 K42 Z13 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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Working Paper: The Effect of Particularism on Corruption: Theory and Empirical Evidence (2015)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:eee:joepsy:v:51:y:2015:i:c:p:219-235
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