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The impact of environmental characteristics on TQM principles and organizational performance

Mar Fuentes-Fuentes, M., Carlos Antonio Albacete-Sáez and Lloréns-Montes, F. Javier

Omega, 2004, vol. 32, issue 6, 425-442

Abstract: One recurrent theme within the literature on total quality management (TQM) is the study of its effect on organizational performance. Nonetheless, most research has focused on analyzing the relationships between the implementation of different elements and several types of performance. This paper incorporates the effect of organizational environment as a variable for explaining the impact of TQM on business results. The model is tested using structural equations, employing a survey of quality managers in 273 Spanish firms. The causal analysis results show that dynamism, munificence and complexity influence the degree of implementation of the main TQM principles. The most relevant effects emerge as a result of the environmental dynamism, and the least effects are due to munificence. Similarly, the dimensions of TQM have an impact on different types of performance. The model can be used by organizations to assess their level of TQM success depending on specific environmental characteristics.

Keywords: Total; quality; management; Performance; Organizational; environment; Structural; equations (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2004
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Handle: RePEc:eee:jomega:v:32:y:2004:i:6:p:425-442