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Integrated framework for robustness analysis using ratio-based efficiency model with application to evaluation of Polish airports

Miłosz Kadziński, Anna Labijak and Małgorzata Napieraj

Omega, 2017, vol. 67, issue C, 1-18

Abstract: We consider a problem of evaluating efficiency of Decision Making Units (DMUs) based on their deterministic performance on multiple consumed inputs and multiple produced outputs. We apply a ratio-based efficiency measure, and account for the Decision Maker׳s preference information representable with linear constraints involving input/output weights. We analyze the set of all feasible weights to answer various robustness concerns by deriving: (1) extreme efficiency scores and (2) extreme efficiency ranks for each DMU, (3) possible and necessary efficiency preference relations for pairs of DMUs, (4) efficiency distribution, (5) efficiency rank acceptability indices, and (6) pairwise efficiency outranking indices. The proposed hybrid approach combines and extends previous results from Ratio-based Efficiency Analysis and the SMAA-D method. The practical managerial implications are derived from the complementary character of accounted perspectives on DMUs׳ efficiencies. We present an innovative open-source software implementing an integrated framework for robustness analysis using a ratio-based efficiency model on the diviz platform. The proposed approach is applied to a real-world problem of evaluating efficiency of Polish airports. We consider four inputs related to the capacities of a terminal, runways, and an apron, and to the airport׳s catchment area, and two outputs concerning passenger traffic and number of aircraft movements. We present how the results can be affected by integrating the weight constraints and eliminating outlier DMUs.

Keywords: Data envelopment analysis; Ratio-based efficiency; Robustness analysis; Stochastic multicriteria acceptability analysis; Airport efficiency; Software (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2017
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