Economics at your fingertips  

Building a bridge between port and city: Improving the urban competitiveness of port cities

Qianyu Zhao, Hang Xu, Ronald S Wall and Spyridon Stavropoulos

Journal of Transport Geography, 2017, vol. 59, issue C, 120-133

Abstract: Historically, ports have been an important location factor for cities, enabling international trade and investment and facilitating urbanization processes. However, the traditionally strong relationship between ports and port cities has gradually weakened due to the emerging negative externalities of ports. Therefore, port-city municipalities need to better understand the relationship between port activities, urban competitiveness, and the attraction of investment. This paper uses the Quadratic Assignment Procedure (QAP) and related regression models to test this relationship as well as identify the determinants of urban competitiveness. The results show that despite the positive relationship between port and urban networks, port cities currently exhibit no significant advantages over non-port cities in attracting Foreign Direct Investment (FDI); in addition, port-city competitiveness depends more on urban characteristics than on port factors. Based on these results, we propose various strategies for port-city developments.

Keywords: Port cities; Port-city adjacency; FDI; Urban competitiveness; Port competitiveness; Investment networks (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2017
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (5) Track citations by RSS feed

Downloads: (external link)

Related works:
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link:

DOI: 10.1016/j.jtrangeo.2017.01.014

Access Statistics for this article

Journal of Transport Geography is currently edited by Frank Witlox

More articles in Journal of Transport Geography from Elsevier
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Nithya Sathishkumar ().

Page updated 2021-03-09
Handle: RePEc:eee:jotrge:v:59:y:2017:i:c:p:120-133