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Spatial competition and complementarity in European port regions

Axel Merkel

Journal of Transport Geography, 2017, vol. 61, issue C, 40-47

Abstract: The purpose of this study is to investigate whether inter-port relationships in European container shipping are characterized primarily by competition or complementarity, and to what extent this differs between major port regions. Utilizing a set of spatial dependence model specifications and quarterly container throughput data for 92 European ports in five regions between 2000 and 2014, it is found that the nature of inter-port relationships tend to differ between major port regions. While the Hamburg-Le Havre region is characterized mostly by competition, ports in the Mediterranean region are found to be complementary with regard to demand.

Keywords: Inter-port competition; Port governance; Spatial competition (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2017
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