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The commuting behavior of workers in the United States: Differences between the employed and the self-employed

J. Ignacio Gimenez-Nadal, José Alberto Molina () and Jorge Velilla ()
Authors registered in the RePEc Author Service: Jose Ignacio Gimenez-Nadal ()

Journal of Transport Geography, 2018, vol. 66, issue C, 19-29

Abstract: In this paper, we analyze the commuting behavior of workers in the United States, with a focus on the differences between employees and the self-employed. Using the American Time Use Survey for the years 2003–2014, our empirical results show that employees spend 7.22 more minutes per day commuting than their self-employed counterparts, which represents a difference of 17% of the average commuting time of employed workers. This is especially prevalent in non-metropolitan areas, and it also appears to depend on the size of the population of the area of residence. Our results suggest that there is a complex relationship between urban form and the commuting behavior of workers.

Keywords: Commuting; Urban cores; American time use survey; Self-employed workers; Employed workers (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2018
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DOI: 10.1016/j.jtrangeo.2017.10.011

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