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The pursuit of cycling equity: A review of Canadian transport plans

Alexandra Doran, Ahmed El-Geneidy and Kevin Manaugh

Journal of Transport Geography, 2021, vol. 90, issue C

Abstract: Cycling is increasingly prioritized as a mode of transport with multiple socio-economic, environmental, and health benefits. However, the benefits associated with cycling are not always equitably distributed throughout society, meaning that some people (e.g. people with low incomes, immigrants and people of colour, women, and seniors) may not have access to safe and convenient spaces in which to cycle, with infrastructure inadequately accommodating the varying needs of all members of society. Based on a review of academic literature, as well as a critical review of city-level transport plans in Canada, we evaluate if and how transport plans in Canada are addressing equity, as well as the ways in which planning practice can more effectively provide for it. Findings from the review of Canadian transport plans revealed four key themes related to how plans can, and do currently address equity, including (1) socio-spatial network analysis (2) consideration of equity in projects and priorities, (3) equity-oriented funding mechanisms, (4) inclusive design and safety. While some plans were found to have addressed equity, many did not, or did so to a limited and ineffective way. As per the findings from the academic literature, many opportunities exist to advance the pursuit of cycling equity, including for example, the utilization of appropriate and effective methods of analysis, as well as locally tailored engagement and decision-making processes that effectively address the needs and concerns of local residents, particularly those who are most disadvantaged.

Keywords: Cycling; Equity; Canada; Transportation plans; Disadvantaged groups (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2021
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DOI: 10.1016/j.jtrangeo.2020.102927

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Handle: RePEc:eee:jotrge:v:90:y:2021:i:c:s0966692320310048