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The spatial distribution of employment around major Chinese airports

Jianhua Pi, Dong Li, Xingjian Liu and Robert Freestone

Journal of Transport Geography, 2021, vol. 91, issue C

Abstract: This paper examines the spatial distribution of employment around major Chinese airports. While the impacts of airports on employment have been debated within the European and North American contexts, airport-related urban development in China has been less well studied. Such an analysis is also timely given rapid urban and airport development in Chinese cities. Focusing on fifty-nine major airports in mainland China, employment centers are identified using gridded enterprise registration information. Our analysis suggests that there are few airports with nearby employment centers. However, planned airport economic zones (AEZs) with stronger policy support, longer periods of development, and located in major cities are more likely to have employment clusters. Furthermore, employment centers that do exist near airports are more likely specialize in manufacturing, transportation and logistics, and wholesale and retail trade rather than in financial and business services.

Keywords: Airport economic zones (AEZs); Employment centers; Airport-driven urban development; Urban China (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2021
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DOI: 10.1016/j.jtrangeo.2021.102978

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