Two-way commuting: Asymmetries from time use surveys
José Ignacio Giménez-Nadal,
José Alberto Molina () and
Authors registered in the RePEc Author Service: Jose Ignacio Gimenez-Nadal ()
Journal of Transport Geography, 2021, vol. 95, issue C
Daily commuting of workers is a complex phenomenon that has long attracted research attention and, despite the significant literature acknowledging differences between morning and evening commuting, commuting trips to and from work are considered symmetric in much of the prior research. We explore the asymmetries in time spent commuting to and from work, in seven countries, using detailed time use records from the Multinational Time Use Study (MTUS). We focus on the duration, mode of transport, and timing of commuting trips, and we provide evidence of the socio-demographic characteristics related to such asymmetries. We find that commutes to work (usually in the morning) last longer than commutes from work (usually in the afternoon or evening), although there are quantitative differences among countries. The timing of commuting also differs across countries, although commutes to work are more concentrated at certain hours in the morning than commutes from work. Our results may provide a better analysis of public policies, and open questions for future research, tackling the correlation between commuting behaviors and worker well-being, land use and city structure, and extreme commuting, among others.
Keywords: Two-way commuting; Commuting symmetries; Time use survey; Multinational time use study (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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Working Paper: Two-Way Commuting: Asymmetries from Time Use Surveys (2021)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:eee:jotrge:v:95:y:2021:i:c:s096669232100199x
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