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The importance of principal components in studying mineral prices using vector autoregressive models: Evidence from the Brazilian economy

Claudia Aline de Souza Ramser, Adriano Mendonça Souza, Francisca Mendonça Souza, Claudimar Pereira da Veiga and Wesley Vieira da Silva

Resources Policy, 2019, vol. 62, issue C, 9-21

Abstract: This study examines the impact of the main Brazilian mineral commodity prices negotiated in trade balance using vector autoregressive models (VAR) in the Brazilian economy in a short-term period. VAR models were applied to the full original data and then to the data dimensionality reduced by principal components denoted by PC-VAR (principal component - vector autoregressive). In the study cases, Cholesky decomposition impulse response and variance decomposition were performed and compared in terms of short run co-movements to identify the most effective model. The applied PC-VAR methodology led to a significant reduction of variables, and similar co-movements were obtained in the short-term period when an impulse response was applied and compared to an unrestricted vector autoregressive. The proposed method also identified the most important variables that affect the other variables in the Brazilian economy and have the same co-movements.

Keywords: Multivariate statistics; Brazilian economy; Price analysis; Mineral economics; Mineral resources (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2019
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DOI: 10.1016/j.resourpol.2019.03.001

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