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Natural resource abundance, technological innovation, and human capital nexus with financial development: A case study of China

Zeeshan Khan, Muzzammil Hussain, Muhammad Shahbaz (), Siqun Yang and Zhilun Jiao

Resources Policy, 2020, vol. 65, issue C

Abstract: The discourseon the impact of natural resource endowment and its effect on financial development has been an important research area in the last few decades. This study attempts to test the “resource curse” hypothesis in case of China for the period of 1987–2017. Unlike others, we introduce additional variables such as technological innovations, human capital, and trade openness into the finance demand function. We used an augmented Dickey-Fuller unit root test with and without structural breaks and Carrion-i-Silvestre et al.’s (2009) generalized least squares based test to examine the stationary properties of the variables. Similarly, to examine the presence of the cointegration relationship between financial development and its determinants, the Maki cointegration with multiple structural breaks approach is applied. The empirical results support the presence of the resource curse; that is, natural resources negatively affect financial development in China. Nonetheless, technological innovations, trade openness, and human capital affect financial development positively. The interaction of human capital and technological innovations is also positively linked with financial development. Our empirical findings have robust policy implications, highlighting the need to promote technological innovations and human capital development for effective use and management of natural resources to promote the development of financial sector.

Keywords: Natural resource curse; Financial development; China (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2020
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DOI: 10.1016/j.resourpol.2020.101585

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