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Natural resource endowment and ecological efficiency in China: Revisiting resource curse in the context of ecological efficiency

Ying Wang and Xiangyuan Chen

Resources Policy, 2020, vol. 66, issue C

Abstract: With the continuous emergence of ecological crisis and resource shortage, ecological efficiency has increasingly become the focus of human attention. To analyze the impact of natural resource endowment on urban ecological efficiency, the study used the data of 30 provinces and cities in China from year 2006–2018. The study employed super efficiency DEA model for empirical analysis. The results highlights that regional eco-efficiency is low and the volatility is increasing. The regional differences are large and the zonal characteristics are apparent. The problem of “resource curse” does not exist in the context of eco-efficiency in the area of the eastern region, and the natural resource endowment does not exist. It constitutes an obstacle to the improvement of ecological efficiency. Whereas, the central and western regions have a significant “resource curse” effect in the context of eco-efficiency, natural resource endowment significantly inhibits the growth of regional eco-efficiency, mainly manifested by natural resource endowment to human capital and other industries. The “extrusion” of the industry has weakened the effective play of this campaign. Finally, the study concludes with some policy suggestions.

Keywords: DEA-Tobit model; Ecological efficiency; Resource curse; Resource endowment (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2020
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DOI: 10.1016/j.resourpol.2020.101610

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