Time-frequency coherence and quantile causality between trade policy uncertainty and rare earth prices: Evidence from China and the US
Yang Yu and
Resources Policy, 2022, vol. 75, issue C
This study explores the dependence and causality between rare earth elements prices and trade policy uncertainty of both China and the US at different frequencies and market conditions. To this end, we employ the wavelet analysis and nonparametric causality-in-quantiles tests in the time-frequency domain. Our empirical evidence indicates that the dependence between rare earth elements and trade policy uncertainty is dynamic through time and frequencies. In the long-run (approximately 32–64 months), the correlation between rare earth elements and trade policy uncertainty of China is negative and it's positive in the US. While in the short- and medium-run (approximately 1–32 months), we can only find some weak evidence of association. Moreover, meaningful horizon-specific information can be revealed conditional on the market environment. In normal market conditions, the bi-directional causality-in-mean and in-variance relationship have been found for long time scales. While in short time scales, the significant causality can be found in extreme downside market scenarios. Our results can provide insightful implications for policymakers and investors to make decisions over different investment horizons and market conditions.
Keywords: Rare earth elements; Trade policy uncertainty; Wavelet coherence; Causality-in-quantiles (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:eee:jrpoli:v:75:y:2022:i:c:s0301420721005365
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