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Does more stringencies in government policies during pandemic impact stock returns? Fresh evidence from GREF countries, a new emerging green bloc

Jianqiang Gu, Xiaoguang Yue (), Safia Nosheen, Naveed -ul-Haq, and Lei Shi

Resources Policy, 2022, vol. 76, issue C

Abstract: In this paper, we investigate the impact of the government economic policies in addition to the more stringent Covid-19 policies on stock index returns of GREF countries, that is, a new economic bloc of 5 countries (Pakistan, Iran, Turkey, Russia, and China) to foster for sustainable development of the region. Using the Panel, ARDL model and data for index returns and economic and Covid-19 control policies for the period March 1, 2020–June 30, 2021, results show that Income support, workplace closure, stringency index, and cancellation of public events have a significant positive impact on the stock index returns over the long run. In contrast, school closure, restriction on public gatherings, and international travel control policies negatively impact stock returns. In comparison, Debt policies, Covid-19 testing policies, health index, and face-covering policies remain insignificant. In the short run, stringent index and face-covering policies remain positively significant. Results of the study suggest significant policy implications that can help reform economic and Covid-19 control policies and promote the region's economic growth over the long-run period.

Keywords: Stock returns; COVID-19; Government stringency; Economic policies; GREF; Emerging green bloc (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C58 G15 G18 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2022
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DOI: 10.1016/j.resourpol.2022.102582

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