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The effect of immigration enforcement on crime reporting: Evidence from Dallas

Elisa Jácome

Journal of Urban Economics, 2022, vol. 128, issue C

Abstract: Mistrust between immigrants and the police may undermine law enforcement’s ability to keep communities safe. This paper documents that immigration policies affect an individual’s willingness to report crime. I analyze the 2015 Priority Enforcement Program, which focused immigration enforcement on individuals convicted of serious crimes and shifted resources away from immigration-related offenses. I use data from the Dallas Police Department that include a complainant’s ethnicity to show that the number of violent and property crimes reported to the police by Hispanics increased by 4 percent after the introduction of PEP. These results suggest that reducing enforcement of individuals who do not pose a threat to public safety can potentially improve trust between immigrant communities and the police.

Keywords: Immigration; Crime reporting; Immigration policy; Police effectiveness (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2022
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DOI: 10.1016/j.jue.2021.103395

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